The companies developing Israel’s largest natural gas fields and their Egyptian partner have finalized details of a deal that would give them control over a pipeline to Egypt, according to people familiar with the matter, a crucial step that would pave the way for a $15 billion export contract. The deal involves setting up joint venture companies in Cyprus and the Netherlands, through which Israel’s Delek Drilling LP, U.S.-based Noble Energy Inc. and their Egyptian partner, East Gas, would buy a 37 percent stake in Eastern Mediterranean Gas Co., held by businessmen Sam Zell and Yosef Maiman, among others.
An initial agreement is expected to be signed in a month or less, the people said, speaking on condition of anonymity because the negotiations are confidential. Separately, efforts also involve a substantial reduction of a $1.76 billion fine imposed on Egypt by an arbitration court in favor of Israel Electric Corp.
The agreements would eliminate legal obstacles to implementing the gas export contract, seen as a step adding economic depth to a relationship dominated by security since the two countries signed a peace treaty more than four decades ago.
It would also advance Egypt’s plan to capitalize on its own giant Zohr gas field and become a regional energy hub.
Shares of Ratio Oil Exploration 1992 LP, a partner in an Israeli gas field that is party to the export deal with Egypt, rose by 3 percent on the news. The Tel Aviv Oil & Gas Index gained as much as 0.9 percent to 902.58, the highest in one month.
The deal is shaping up as follows:
- Delek and Noble are in the process of setting up a Cyprus-based joint venture.
- Egypt’s East Gas would set up a Netherlands-based company that would partner with the joint venture established by Delek and Noble.
- The new entity, also based in Holland, would buy the 37 percent stake in EMG held by Zell and Maiman, among others, who successfully filed arbitration cases against Egypt over a previous deal canceled in 2012.
Under the contract signed in February, Delek and Noble are to export 64 billion cubic meters of natural gas over 10 years to Egypt through Dolphinus Holdings Ltd. The buyout by the two firms and their Egyptian partner settles three of the four arbitration cases that had blocked the contract’s implementation.
Israel, Egypt Gas Partners Near Deal on EMG PipelineThe fourth arbitration case involved the fine awarded to Israel Electric Corp. after Egypt broke an earlier contract to supply gas.
A Geneva arbitration court ruled IEC should be given $1.76 billion in compensation. The Egyptian government and the utility, however, have reached an initial agreement to reduce the fine to around $470 million, according to two of the people directly involved in the talks.
The reduced fine would be amortized over a period of around 15 years, and the main sticking point is over which bank would issue a letter of credit, the people said. IEC wants a top-tier international lender, while Egypt is pushing for the National Bank of Egypt, they said.
Under terms of the deal involving Delek, Noble and East Gas, the three companies will finalize technical due diligence on the pipeline after the initial buyout agreement is signed. They would then transfer the money to the EMG shareholders involved in the deal, the people said, adding that the agreement would go through regardless of the condition of the pipeline. The companies are planning to start gas imports from Israel in the beginning of next year.