Positive Developments on a Lebanese Demarcation Deal with Israel

Israel gave its preliminary nod on Sunday to a draft U.S.-brokered deal demarcating a maritime border with Lebanon that may lead to a solution in a disputed maritime area.

Hoping to defuse one source of conflict between the two countries and prod them toward accommodation, U.S. envoy Amos Hochstein submitted a proposal that would pave the way for offshore energy exploration.

After years of stop-start shuttle diplomacy, agreement seems closer than ever. As Beirut mulls the 10-page draft – details of which have been kept under wraps – Hezbollah movement called it “a very important step” on Saturday while Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, a powerful Hezbollah ally, deemed it “positive”.

Israeli approval of the draft awaited legal review, Prime Minister Yair Lapid told his cabinet at its weekly session.

“But,” he said in televised remarks, “just as we tried from the beginning, the proposal fully preserves Israel’s national security interests, as well as our economic interests”.

Lapid appeared to float an arrangement whereby gas would be produced by a company under a Lebanese license (TotalEnergies) in the disputed Qana prospect, with Israel receiving a share of revenues.

“We have no opposition to a Lebanese gas field being developed, from which we would receive royalties,” he said. “Such a field would weaken Lebanese dependency on Iran, restrain Hezbollah and bring regional stability.”

The centrist Lapid heads a caretaker government ahead of a Nov 1 election. His challenger, conservative ex-Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, has argued the Lebanese deal could benefit Hezbollah, and accused Lapid of evading parliamentary scrutiny.

Hinting he might overturn the deal if re-elected, Netanyahu tweeted on Sunday: “We will not be bound by this fait accompli.”

Gideon Saar, Lapid’s justice minister, acknowledged such deals would generally be brought before the Knesset. However, Saar told Kan radio, “there are exceptional cases where – and this requires the agreement of the justice minister – there is exemption from the mandatory submission”.

Hezbollah fought Israel in a 2006 war and remains hostile to Lebanon’s southern neighbour. But with the Lebanese economy in deepening distress, Hezbollah has pledged to abide by whatever the Lebanese Government agrees to in the indirect talks.

“We support the Lebanese position, so that we safeguard our right to demarcate our maritime borders and invest in our gas,” Lebanon’s National News Agency quoted senior Hezbollah official Mohammad Raad as saying.